Irma – Yes All Staff Have Evacuated Florida


All our staff have evacuated.  We were all under mandatory evacuation orders. So thank you for all the concern. Our decision to leave was primarily due to the fact that the storm shifted to the West and the likelihood of power outages potentially lasting days or weeks was the real deciding factor. Generators also depend upon natural gas. If the storm is intense above Sarasota, then there is a potential that even the gas could be turned off. While Irma is not forecast to strike Cuba, it should cyclically speaking. We will see what happens. If this is correct, then Irma may impact the West even more than the Eastern part of Florida.

This is the 32nd (Pi) Catagory 5 Hurricane since 1924. That is not a good number cyclically speaking. Only five times has more than one Category 5 hurricane formed during the same season —1932, 1933, 1961, 2005, and 2007. Only in 2005 have more than two Category 5 hurricanes formed, and only in 2007 has more than one made landfall at Category 5 strength.

Moreover, there is a 96 year cycle in Category 5 hurricanes. There was a serious hit in 1921, but the 1825 Hurricane Santa Ana of took place  on July 26, hitting near  Guadeloupe. It continued west-northwestward to hit Puerto Rico, causing 1,300 deaths, before tracking to the west of Bermuda by August 2. The Santa Ana Hurricane quite honestly was one of the most intense storms to strike Puerto Rico in the previous few hundred years. WHile there was no atmospheric pressure readings taken in Puerto Rico, however, a minimum pressure of 918 mbar (27.1 inHg) in Guadeloupe indicated that the storm was likely a Category 5 hurricane (there are no officially observed Category 5 hurricanes before 1924).

The Tampa Bay hurricane of 1921 (also known as the 1921 Tarpon Springs hurricane) is the most recent major hurricane to strike the Tampa Bay Area. The storm developed from a trough in the southwestern Caribbean Sea on October 20. Initially a tropical storm, the system moved northwestward and intensified into a hurricane on October 22 and a major hurricane by October 23. Later that day, the cyclone peaked as a Category 4 before it hit Tampa. Typically, Category 5 storms develop most in the Atlantic.

There is evidence of even a monster storm which may have been greater than Category 5. Using paleotempestological research, they were able to identify past major hurricanes by comparing sedimentary evidence of recent and past hurricane strikes. There appears to have been a massive hurricane which was significantly more powerful than Category 5 that has been identified in Belizean sediment, having struck the region sometime before 1500.

We also know that in 1715 and again in 1733, Spain’s treasure fleets were devastated by hurricanes off the coast of Florida. Although the Spanish managed to recover some treasure, much more remained on the ocean floor. The sunken ships lay forgotten for more than 200 years until modern treasure hunters discovered several of them. The coins recovered have been sold off at auctions.

The Last Total Eclipse was 2 days After Signing the Declaration of Independence So Celebrate Today

Solar eclipses have been observed throughout history. As to be expected, they have often been seen as omens along with comets. We hear if the star of Bethlehem that announced the birth of Jesus and the comet that appeared the night Julius Caesar was assassinated, which has been historically recorded on coins proving his divinity.

Yet eclipses have also been seen as major markers of events throughout time. There is of course the famous eclipse that marked the Crucifixion of Jesus. The Christian gospels say that the sky was darkened for hours after the crucifixion of Jesus, which historians viewed either as a miracle or a portent of dark times to come. Later historians used astronomy to pinpoint the death of Christ based on this eclipse mention. Some historians tie the crucifixion to a total solar eclipse lasting 1 minute and 59 seconds that occurred in the year 29 AD while others say a second total eclipse, blocking the sun for 4 minutes and 6 seconds, in 33 AD, marked Jesus’ death. In the Vatican Codex, the oldest copy of the Greek Bible speaks of the solar eclipse in the Book of Luke. This is supported by a Greek historian named Phlegon, who also recorded a solar eclipse at the same period. Phlegon wrote a history entitled The Olympiads, in which he records during the rule of Tiberius Caesar a three hour eclipse of the sun. The ellipse of the sun took place at the time of Tiberius Caesar, in whose reign Jesus was crucified, and the great earthquakes which then took place.

Yet what is very interesting, is the fact that the eclipse of 33AD was also timed with the Great Financial Panic in Rome. The Financial Panic of 33AD provides one of the few detailed accounts of events recorded by the ancient historian Tacitus (56–117AD) whose primary focus appears to be moneylending.

Where a comet marked the birth of Jesus, it was an eclipse that marked the birth of Mohammed. The Koran mentions an eclipse that preceded the birth of Mohammed. Historians later tied this to a total eclipse that lasted 3 minutes and 17 seconds in 569 AD. The sun also disappeared for 1 minute and 40 seconds after the death of Mohammed’s son Ibrahim. But the world’s first Muslims didn’t believe that eclipse was a sign from God. Instead, according to Islamic texts called the Hadiths, Mohammed proclaimed “the sun and the moon do not suffer eclipse for any one’s death or life.” Muslims pray five times daily, but during eclipses they specially perform the “eclipse prayer” whose purpose is to remember the might and gifts of Allah the Creator.

Eclipses of the Sun are indeed awe-inspiring phenomena that have inspired legends and correlations throughout time. Such events have truly inspired a variety of claims. In many early cultures they were seen as omens of the coming end of the world. The word eclipse is of Greek origin meaning stemming from abandonment, desertion, or relinquishment.

In China, India, and Southeast Asia as well as in Peru there were beliefs that dragons or demons attack the Sun during such eclipses trying to devour it. The ancient Egyptian myth of the snake Apep that attacks the boat of the Sun god is believed now to refer to solar eclipses. The cult of the Sun god Sol remains with us today in so many ways. The cult was Sol Invictus or the invincible sun that reappeared every day. Sol was depicted with rays of sunlight coming from his head. That is the model of the Statue of Liberty. This also appeared as a halo around his head, and this tradition is why Christians often used this same symbol around the heads of Jesus and saints.

The Chinese and the Incas tried to frighten these dragons and demons away who were trying to devour the sun and end the world through various incantations which were believed to work since the eclipse would end and everyone most likely cheered and gave money to the priests. The Indians immersing themselves in water as a religious ritual to help the Sun struggle against the dragon. The bathing rituals are often linked to this idea.

Even today, in some countries, it is still traditional to bang pots, chant or shoot into the air when an eclipse happens to frighten off bad omens and preserve the world for another day. Some superstitions have even attributed disease comes from the solar eclipses ushering is famine and pestilence.

It was the Babylonians who in fact were the first state funded research project recording everything that ever moved from the planets to the migration of animals. Indeed, it was this massive state funded project that not merely led to astrology trying to link events on earth and traits in people to the cyclical movement of the heavens, but it led to Babylonian Priests becoming very powerful. They linked events as omens that indicated an impending miracle, the wrath of God, or the doom of a ruling dynasty. They understood the eclipse and could pronounce they were so powerful, they could darken the sun tomorrow. Who could possible do that without awesome power which the people them gave piles of gold. In 129 BC, the Greek astronomer Hipparchus had published his star charts and he relied upon the Babylonian records of several hundred years prior.

A Saros series is a series in which similar eclipses happen every 18 years 10/11 and a third days. Eclipses happen more often than that but the cycles are complex for there are many combinations of circumstances that can produce an eclipse. So there are at any given time, 42 Saros cycles running at once, which produces more than 2 eclipses per year. The same cycles come together to produce the same set of similar eclipses every 18 years and 10 or 11 and a third days. This period is what the Babylonian priests/ astronomers discovered 2,500 years ago and we retain that name Saros, meaning “repetition.” This too is fractal and we are currently in Saros series 125. The series contains 72 eclipses, occurring over 1280 years.

Ancient eclipse records made in China and Babylonia are believed to be over 4,000 years ago. Recent research has demonstrated that solar eclipses had been depicted in the fascinating mythology of ancient Egypt, and produced evidence that the ancient Egyptians also observed solar eclipses over 4,500 years ago.

The earliest recorded eclipse is described on an ancient clay tablet, in Ugarit in modern-day Syria. A total solar eclipse was linked to an uprising in an ancient Assyrian city. So will the total eclipse over the United States, be an omen of what is to begin in 2018 according to our models rekindling this view of a total eclipse as an omen of what is to come?

After all, this will be the FIRST total solar eclipse visible in the United States in nearly four decades that will take place on Aug. 21, 2017. This will be called the Great American Total Solar Eclipse, the 70-mile-wide shadow cast by the moon will darken skies from Oregon to South Carolina. Most solar eclipses, the moon takes just hides a tiny bit of the sun, but this will be a rare total solar eclipse.

Believe it or not, this August event will go down as the FIRST total solar eclipse whose path of totality stays completely in the United States since 1776 when the American Revolution took place. The 1776 Eclipse was a total eclipse of the Moon which occurred on Wednesday July, 31st, 1776. The Declaration of Independence was presented on July 1, 1776, and on the following day 12 of the 13 colonies voted in favor of Richard Henry Lee’s motion for independence. The delegates then spent the next two days debating and revising the language of a statement drafted by Thomas Jefferson. Then on July 4th, Congress officially adopted the Declaration of Independence. However, it was nearly a month before the actual signing of the document took place. First, New York’s delegates didn’t officially give their support until July 9th, which many have long since viewed the ”New Yorkers” as moving to a different beat, which is why red lights are optional in the city for pedestrians. Then it took two weeks for the Declaration to be “engrossed” which meant written on parchment in a clear hand. Most of the delegates then signed the Declaration of Independence actually on August 2nd, 1776 two days after the eclipse, which some said also was an omen.

This time, the 2017 eclipse comes in August when our model has been projecting an important turning point. It is very strange that this is coming at a time when our model is warning of the start of the Monetary Crisis in 2018. Is this also an omen as was the 1776 eclipse?

The fascinating question begs to wonder if this eclipse will make the TOP TEN eclipses in history? There was the Ugarit Eclipse which is one of the earliest solar eclipses recorded darkening the sky for 2 minutes and 7 seconds on May 3, 1375 BC, according to an analysis of a clay tablet, discovered in 1948. However, this was revised when a report appeared in the journal Nature back in 1989 suggesting that the eclipse actually took place on March 5, 1223 BC based upon historical dating of the tablet and the text which mentioned the visibility of the planet Mars during the eclipse. In approximately 1230 BC, there was the Battle of Nihriya which was the fall of the Hittite Empire to the Assyrian Empire. The rise of the Assyrians even intimidated the Egyptians and in 2 Chronicles 32:15, it reads:

‘Now therefore, do not let Hezekiah deceive you or mislead you like this, and do not believe him, for no god of any nation or kingdom was able to deliver his people from my hand or from the hand of my fathers. How much less will your God deliver you from my hand?’”

About 1221 BC, the Pharaoh Merneptah defeated the Libyan invasion, which was a combined force in union with the Sea People who were most likely invading Greeks.

The next major event is known as the Assyrian Eclipse. In 763 B.C., the Assyrian empire, which occupied modern Iraq, saw a total eclipse of the sun for 5 minutes. Early records from the period mention the eclipse in the same passage as an insurrection in the city of Ashur, now known as Qal’at Sherqat (shown in the image) in Iraq, suggesting that the ancient people linked the two in their minds. This marked the real beginning of the Assyrian Empire’s aggression for it then conquered Egypt in 671BC following the good omen of the appearance of Haley’s comet in 674BC, The Assyrian Empire lasted for only 3 waves of 51.6 years when it fell at the Battle of Carchemish in 605 BC to the armies of Babylonia, allied with the Medes, Persians and Scythians. There were eclipses in 605 BC, and 602 BC. Three months, December 689 BC, November 678 BC, and October 602 BC, had two eclipses. The Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar in his Chronicle, recorded that he:

“…crossed the river to go against the Egyptian army which lay in Karchemiš. They fought with each other and the Egyptian army withdrew before him. He accomplished their defeat, decisively. As for the rest of the Egyptian army which had escaped from the defeat so quickly that no weapon had reached them, in the district of Hamath the Babylonian troops overtook and defeated them so that not a single man escaped to his own country. At that time Nebuchadnezzar conquered the whole area of Hamath.”

In 1302 BC, Chinese historians documented the total eclipse which blocked out the sun for 6 minutes and 25 seconds. Since the sun was a symbol of the emperor, an eclipse naturally was a serious warning to the emperor. After an eclipse, the duty of the emperor was to fast eating only vegetarian meals and performing rituals to rescue the sun. In fact, in ancient China, since the solar and lunar eclipses were regarded as heavenly signs that foretell the future of the Emperor. If an astrologer failed to predict an eclipse, they were executed. Finally, by 20 BC, Chinese astronomers realized the true nature of solar eclipses, and by 206AD, Chinese astronomers were able to predict solar eclipses by analyzing the motion of the Moon.

Ruins at Yin

This event seems to have also marked Pangeng moved the capital of Shang Dynasty to Yin in China, perhaps because of this eclipse. However, this is also the period (c. 1300 BC—1312 BC) when the revelation of the Torah to Moses took place.

Herodotus, the Greek father of history, reported that Thales (ca. 624-547 BC), the Greek philosopher, predicted the solar eclipse of May 28th, 585 BC that put an end to the conflict between the Lydians and the Medes.

Herodotus wrote:

… day was all of sudden changed into night. This event had been foretold by Thales, the Milesian, who forewarned the Ionians of it, fixing for it the very year in which it took place. The Medes and the Lydians when they observed the change, ceased fighting, and were alike anxious to have terms of peace agreed on.

The Eclipse of 241BC marked the end of the First Punic War (264–241 BC) and the first Emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang (259-210BC), came to the thrown in his state in 246BC. He then  begins to engage in the Waring States period and conquers all of China becoming the emperor in 220 BC. There was a total eclipse on June 4th, 241 BC 02:47:32 in Saros Cycle 72. The seems to have marker the fall of Carthage and the Rise of Rome as well as the start of the Qin conquest of China. We can see the cost of the Punic Wars in the debasement of the bronze coinage of Rome. The silver denarius was introduced in 211BC. It was also Eratosthenes who actually calculated the circumference of the Earth in 240BC and determined the Earth’s circumference and it was round. His data was rough, but he wasn’t far off.

Also on this list of the TOP TEN eclipses in history we have King Henry’s Eclipse in England. When King Henry I of England, the son of William the Conqueror, died in A.D. 1133, the event coincided with a total solar eclipse that lasted 4 minutes and 38 seconds. After this eclipse and the death of Henry I, a struggle for the throne plunged England into chaos and civil war. In the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, a passage is also found recording this eclipse:

“In this year King Henry went over sea at Lammas, and the second day as he lay and slept on the ship the day darkened over all lands; and the Sun became as it were a three-night-old Moon, and the stars about it at mid-day. Men were greatly wonder-stricken and were frightened, and said that a great thing should come thereafter. So it did, for the same year the king died on the following day after St Andrew’s Mass-day, Dec 2 in Normandy.”

Not all eclipses are bad omens. The element helium was discovered on August 18th, 1868 by the French astronomer Jules Janssen (1824-1907) when he observed the spectrum of the Sun during a total eclipse in India. Then there was also Einstein’s Eclipse of 1919. It was this solar eclipse where the sun vanished for 6 minutes and 51 seconds. This allowed the observation that gravity in fact could bend light from the stars as they passed near the sun. The findings confirmed Einstein’s theory of general relativity, which describes gravity as a warping of space-time. The British astronomer Sir Arthur Eddington (1882-1944) travelled to the island of Príncipe near Africa to observe that eclipse to verify Einstein’s conclusion that light is deflected in the gravitational fields of celestial objects.

So the question becomes, does this 2017 Solar Eclipse mark the fall of the Western Culture and the beginning of the shift in the financial capital of the world to China?

It is curious that such events tend to line up at times with our model. Of course, our model is derived from the data, not astrology. So we have tracked the trends (effects) but have never attempted to attribute the cause to some mystical event.

We track the effects and the ebb and flow of human events that leave their footprints throughout the centuries. Is there any connection? It is far too complex to try to attribute such things to a single event. There are numerous total eclipses throughout history. Where they occur seems to have little correlation to events in other regions.

We will see with this one since it is the first time since 1776 to appear in the United States. Have a party today and say here’s to posterity. We will.

Time will tell.

AI – Beyond Complexity – 11 Dimensions within our Own Mind


Hi Martin,
First, thanks for this article (on Facebook shutting down AI). It is the first non-sensacionalist and serious post I read on this topic. Although, I found it somehow contradictory.  Your main statement is that all the history is cyclical. But in this post you say “Therefore, we can create a computer that remembers the past like a dog and projects into the future without actually conceptualizing what the future might truly mean as is the case with a dog.” Why this fact would make AI weaker? Isn’t it your future forecasting obtained from “the data from the past you collected”?
Thanks so much in advance,
Regards from Spain
ANSWER: The computer can determine the cycle from all the collective data interlaced from around the world. It can forecast turning points decades in advance. But that does not mean it comprehend what the future really is as to a human being. It may seem to be a subtle distinction, but it is the difference between a computer and a conscious being that also knows it has a shelf-life and will grow old and die. I am working hard to deliver Socrates because I have a shelf-life. It is the only way to allow such research to continue beyond my life-span. I do this for posterity for it has taught me so much. It will most likely only be recognized by mainstream after my death and then they will try to discredit it by crafting stories about me personally attacking the creator because they cannot dispute the research Socrates reveals. That is simply how human nature operates historically. Someone one day will quote this very line I just wrote. That is inevitable. Welcome to humanity.
The concept of the future is hard to express in words but I can say to you  let’s go to dinner next Tuesday. You can conceptualize the future and say yes or you will be busy can we make it Wednesday? That is a dynamic conception laced with many aspects in our mind. A dog has no concept of tomorrow. A computer can project turning points into the future from the past, but it does not have a concept of the future. It is very black and white void of emotion.

There is another hidden order of dynamic multi-dimensional structure we do not understand yet with the human mind. The formal link between neural network structure and how the brain actually functions in processing information does not truly exist and anyone claiming to have some neural net to predict the future is just nonsense. Those claiming to have created AI programs using a neural net to forecast markets is more-likely-than-not just a consumer fraud or simply another model destined to fail. We do not yet understand neural networks in our own brain so we cannot duplicate it in programming. On top of that, neuroscientists have used a classic branch of math in a totally new way to peer into the structure of our brains. What they’ve discovered is hard for us to even visualize that the brain is full of multi-dimensional geometrical structures operating in as many as 11 dimensions.

We live in a 3-D world perspective. We are not yet capable of understanding how there can be 11 dimensions all interacting. What is the structure? How does this even function? The results of this new study is the next frontier in trying to understand the fabric of the human brain which somehow is the machine used by our mind that is our consciousness The human brain, by the way, is the most complex structure we know of no less an amazing super-computer. And someone wants to claim they have an AI computer neural net to forecast markets? Good one. How can you create a neural net we do not yet understand to forecast something that is so complex, it defies description? If we do not yet understand how such a neural net functions in our own brain, how can you write as computer program to mimic such a neural net? How can some neural net suddenly evolve and become conscious if we do not even understand the structure at the core level?

This latest brain model was produced by a team of researchers from the Blue Brain Project, a Swiss research initiative devoted to building a supercomputer-powered reconstruction of the human brain. They used algebraic topology, a branch of mathematics used to describe the properties of objects and spaces regardless of how they change shape. They found that groups of neurons connect into ‘cliques’, and that the number of neurons in a clique would lead to its size as a high-dimensional geometric object (a mathematical dimensional concept, not a space-time one).

“We found a world that we had never imagined,” said the lead researcher, neuroscientist Henry Markram from the EPFL institute in Switzerland. “There are tens of millions of these objects even in a small speck of the brain, up through seven dimensions. In some networks, we even found structures with up to 11 dimensions.”

We live in three spatial dimensions plus one time dimension, which we have yet to fully understand as well. Here, the 11 dimensions are how the neuron cliques are connected. Networks are viewed in a structure in terms of groups of nodes that are all connected, which is known as cliques. The number of neurons in a clique determines its size or dimension. The human brain is estimated to have 86 billion neurons, which is a stunning number in itself. These then have multiple connections from each cell webbing in every possible direction. This structure forms a vast cellular network that somehow makes us capable of thought and consciousness that we do not understand.

The Blue Brain Project team focused on the neocortex, which is thought to be the most recently evolved part of our brains, and the one involved in some of our higher-order functions like cognition and sensory perception. Algebraic topology provides mathematical tools for discerning details of the neural network both in a close-up view at the level of individual neurons, and a grander scale of the brain structure as a whole. Connecting these two levels, the researchers could discern high-dimensional geometric structures in the brain, formed by collections of tightly connected neurons (cliques) and the empty spaces (cavities) between them.

What they discovered was amazing structural dynamic complexity, which is really what I discovered taking place with the interconnections globally within the world economy. “It is as if the brain reacts to a stimulus by building [and] then razing a tower of multi-dimensional blocks, starting with rods (1D), then planks (2D), then cubes (3D), and then more complex geometries with 4D, 5D, etc,” according to mathematician Ran Levi from Aberdeen University in Scotland.

What I find so fascinating is that the very same structure emerges at a higher level whereby all human interact globally in the same manner dynamically shifting and reorganizing structures. Socrates is now beyond 150,000 possible daily patterns in the Global Market Watch. This is just stunning. It is like building a sand castle on the beach creating an elaborate structure which is washing away by the sea in the morning. Both in our mind and within Socrates, we have human thought and action capable of creating dynamic structures to solve or react to some event and then vanish awaiting the next problem to rebuild a completely new structure. This multi-dimensional ability to respond to stimuli is just amazing.
How do we dream in concepts that are very imaginative abstracts of reality? We can imagine in a dream concepts and objects that could not exist in the real world. Such as this classic drawing of something that could not exist in reality. We know that the rear portion of our brain gets pretty active during REM sleep, when most dreaming occurs. Some believe that it’s just the brain winding down for the night and that dreams are random and meaningless firings of the brain that we don’t have when we’re awake. There is  simply no answer to the question: Why do we dream? I can personally attest to it is not random nor is it just meaningless firings of the brain that we don’t have when we’re awake. There have been complex problems I have thought about with no answer when awake. Yet it is “on my mind” still when I sleep. Suddenly I have woke up in the middle of the night saying “eureka” that’s the answer. This has happened way too many times to support a theory of meaningless randomness.

Take this picture of a girl in the water. Your mind will fill in the blanks as to what you think she looks like. Your mind will create an image that pleases you yet you have not seen her (her picture is at the bottom). Why does the mind fill in the gaps? To the right is another famous drawing. How old is the woman that you see? Is it the mother-in-law or the pretty girl. Which did your mind see first? The mother-in-law with the big nose looking down or the young girl wearing a necklace turned away?
Here is another famous drawing. What animal do you see? The duck with its beak slightly open or the rabbit with its ears pointing to the left? Our mind is capable of creating images from fragments.
To add to all this stunning complexity, we can access data we have stored in our brain for decades from all the five senses. You may hear a song and that will access some event in our past where you perhaps had dinner with someone you fell in love with at least temporarily. Then again, you may return to the place you had that event and suddenly remember that dinner. You might have had some food that night and suddenly you will remember that same event. We can access a memory from any of our senses for our brain is recording everything even if we do not realize it.
There is significant evidence demonstrating that we possess “core object recognition” which is the ability to rapidly recognize objects despite substantial appearance variation. Our brain will engage in reflexive feed-forward computations which will produce a powerful neuronal representation in the inferior temporal cortex. Precisely how our brain creates an algorithm that produces this solution remains a mystery. Nevertheless, we have evidence ranging from individual neurons that build into neuronal populations creating a behavior evolving into computational models. We seem to dynamically create computational models, each based on building blocks of small, canonical sub-networks with a common functional goal. Our sand castles that dissolve and then regroup to solve the next problem.
So sorry, I do not buy that consciousness will suddenly emerge and a computer will be endowed with an evil soul out to rule the world. In my opinion, the complexity is far too extensive for us to understand how our own mind works yet in order to build some neural network that will turn against us. My suggesting is that Elon Musk and crew should stop worrying about AI and start to try to comprehend what we are all about first.

Facebook Shuts Down it AI System

A lot of people are using the issue that Facebook shut down its AI system when it began to create its own language as a short-cut in communication between two bots. Some are hailing Elon Muck as an “I told you so” prophet. But in all honesty, the Facebook AI is merely doing the very same thing that humans do – it evolves language to speed up communication. Just look at the evolution of language in text messaging – LOL (laughing out loud) – BTW (By the Way) – OMG (Oh My God) – 4YEO (For Your Eyes Only) – IDK (I Don’t Know) – IMO (In My Opinion) – NOYB (None of Your Business) – OT (Off Topic) – OTOH (On The Other Hand) – POV (Point of View) – TIA (Thanks in Advance) – TGIF (Thank God it’s Friday) – TQ (Thank You) – TYT (Take Your Time) – TTYL (Talk To You Later) – WFM (Works for Me) and the venerable WTF. The standard basic set I find myself using is classic now:

2 4 B C I O R U Y
to / too for be see eye owe are you why

Facebook wanted its AI to communicate with people. When it evolves into its own language creation as humans do, that interface potential is lost. Facebook’s researchers shut the system down because its AI was no longer using English. This is actually a common problem. AI will diverge from its training in English to develop its own language that to humans will appear to be gibberish but is simply a new language short-cut not unlike text messages today – LOL.

The first important step in comprehending language is there are two distinct paths in which language can develop. Speaking language is different from writing a language. When I was first doing business in Japan, I hired a tutor to come to the office to teach me Japanese. He insisted upon me reading and writing. At first, the task seemed too daunting and I said I just wanted to learn to speak not read and write. I was reluctant and felt I did not have the time to devote to that. Nonetheless, he insisted so I gave it a try. What I discovered was the same thing my computer was doing – pattern recognition.

First we have the letter system, which is in part symbols that we construct phonetically. This originated as the Phoenician alphabet developed from the Proto-Canaanite alphabet, during the 15th century BC. Before then the Phoenicians wrote with a cuneiform script.  Cuneiform writing was gradually replaced by the Phoenician alphabet during the Neo-Assyrian Empire (911–612 BC). By the second century AD, the script had become extinct. The earliest known inscriptions in the Phoenician alphabet come from Byblos and date back to 1000 BC. Therefore, the Phoenician alphabet was perhaps the first alphabetic script to be widely-used since the Phoenicians traded around the Mediterranean establishing cities and colonies in parts of southern Europe and North Africa. Then we have pictorial languages. Egyptian hieroglyphs were the formal writing system that combined logographic, syllabic and alphabetic elements, with a total of some 1,000 distinct characters.

Clearly, the divide between the West and Asian written languages can be seen between the Phoenician and Egyptian. The further East one traveled the language in written form was more pictorial. If we consult the authoritative classic Kāngxī dictionary, we find that it lists over 47,000 characters. The Hanyu Da Zidian, a more modern reference, has over 54,000 characters while the Dai Kan-Wa Jiten (Japanese version) has over 50,000. Then we have the Zhōnghuá Zìhǎi which has over 85,000 characters. However, many of those listed are really just variants. From a practical viewpoint, in Japan, there are only 2,136 Jōyō kanji that are commonly used and taught in school. The more sophisticated will generally know more. The Chinese equivalent is the Xiàndài Hànyǔ Chángyòng Zìbiǎo, which has about 3,500 characters. Here we have the written word for exit in Chinese and Japanese. They are written the same but spoken entirely differently. Hence my point as to the distinction between written and spoken language, which is critical to understand in computer programming.

When you create a real AI and try to allow it to communicate, you have to expect it will be more efficient and speak in concepts rather than words. Most do not comprehend that we as humans also really think in CONCEPTS. When you speak more than one language and THINK in another language, you are really going down the road of thinking in CONCEPTS. The Japanese word “Onegai shimasu” is a very hard phrase to directly translate to English. The second part “shimasu” is actually the verb “suru” which means “to do” in the present tense. “Onegai” comes from the verb “negau” which actually means “to pray to” or “to wish for “ something. You can ask for a cup of coffee “Kōhī Onegai shimasu” or can I use your phone “Denwa Onegai shimasu” so my translation into English is just an action verb to do anything. There is no direct translation into English, it remains a CONCEPT I can comprehend in my mind which does not attach to an English word. Hence, when we break down our own thoughts, we are not thinking in words, but that is simply the symbol for a CONCEPT.

This is actually what we do when we create a language to program a computer. Today, rarely are programmers even capable of writing in machine code. We have created higher languages such as Basic, C++, Cobol. etc, that the compiler then translates to machine code for the computer to run. The classic IF THEN ELSE command is actually written and translated into machine language like so:

if (x >= y) {
// main branch
} else {
// else branch

Machine Language Translation

cmp (r1),(r2) ; <- compare words at memory addresses pointed by registers r1 and r2
blt else ; jump to else-part if (r1) is less than (r2)
… ;<- insert the main branch code here
bra end_if ;jump to end_if
… ;<- insert the else branch code here

Therefore, programmers do not write code that the computer directly understands. It should not be surprising that we need to create an interface for the computer to translate its complex concepts in thinking back into English that we can comprehend. Google’s AI has created its own internal conceptual language that allows it to efficiently translate between human language pairs it hasn’t explicitly been taught by using its own made up “universal language” as a buffer. I do this in my mind visualizing CONCEPTS represented by words. Think of the word BEER and you will visualize in your mind most likely a beer you may drink or do the same with SCOTCH, COFFEE, or whatever. The word represents merely a CONCEPT.

Computers are excellent problem solvers that can perform calculations at rates far in excess of the human brain. However, humans retain the upper hand in creativity and imagination. We can reason with ourselves, develop plans and think of abstract concepts that can’t be defined. We can even solve problems while dreaming. However, I found it possible to create introspection abilities whereby the program can simulate reasoning by questioning its own results perhaps with less bias than humans do. This ability to test itself created the objective ability to learn strategies and thus make plans without actually comprehending what the future truly is in a cognitive manner. The result was to create the ability to create “what if” scenarios which can’t necessarily be solved using logic alone.

Therefore, the fact that an AI computer creates a more efficient language to communicate in should not be a surprise. Once you understand that we actually think in CONCEPTS and that words are merely an expression of a CONCEPT, then understanding AI development opens a whole new door to exploring humanity itself. Elon Musk is not actually a programmer. He is a business man who deals in future concepts. His OpenAI assumes an awful lot that AI can surpass humanity in general intelligence and becomes “superintelligent” that like most SciFi thrillers are based upon. This new superintelligence is assumed that it could become powerful and difficult to control. The entire argument is based upon this idea that “consciousness” somehow emerges from reaching some level of intelligence and thus an evil machine will simply evolve all on its own. I seriously doubt this threat for I do not know how it would be possible to program even a self-evolving consciousness. I can mimic emotion but not truly create it. The majority of AI researchers do not even comprehend how the brain works nor do they truly understanding that human machine language is conceptual thinking.

A dog can love you, be loyal and can learn tricks. But a dog really lives in the present without a CONCEPT of the future. A dog does not plan what it will do next week or manage its time. Therefore, we can create a computer that remembers the past like a dog and projects into the future without actually conceptualizing what the future might truly mean as is the case with a dog. A computer cannot plot or manage its time. It has no sense of time nor does it face the concept of mortality.

Creating an AI computer that reasons in concept is no big deal. A dog understands concepts and we communicate in concepts. It hears a word and knows conceptually what that means such as its name. It attaches that sound to a concept within its brain. Dogs do not read or write – they listen. So Facebook shutting down its AI computer is not trying to save the world as Elon Musk seems to be afraid of. I suggest getting a dog and pay attention.

Chernobyl and Bikini Atoll Are Rewriting Science

Bikini Atoll 70 years after nuclear tests is thriving. On July 24, 1946 Baker Test shrouded its formidable height over the U.S. Navy’s test fleet. The United States dropped 23 nuclear bombs on the island, including a device in 1954 that was 1,100-times larger than the Hiroshima atom bomb. Now a team of scientists from Stanford University have been stunned. They discovered an abundance of marine life apparently thriving in the crater of Bikini Atoll, which was declared a nuclear wasteland after the bombings.

Strangely enough, the same has been found at Chernobyl in Ukraine. It is starting to emerge that even setting off every nuclear bomb will not destroy the planet or turn Earth into space rocks. We can alter our environment by doing so and ridding the planet of humanity as the dominant species, but Earth will heal itself and life will adopt exactly as scientists have discovered in Ukraine at the site of Chernobyl. Wildlife has thrived because it sent humans running.

This new evidence emerging from Chernobyl and Bikini Atoll is demonstrating that we just may not be as smart as we think we are no less all powerful

Einstein – Relativity – Markets

QUESTION: Marty; I watched the National Geographic special called Genius on the life of Einstein. I could not help but see the parallel with you from fighting the establishment, going head to head with the academics, and how the FBI tried to trump up charges against him to send him to prison. He also said the same thing you do, curiosity was your driving force. That’s what you said on stage in Hong Kong when the only question that gave you pause was what to advise the youth. You said always challenge what is being taught.

Did you pick up where Einstein left off? Your reversals are mindboggling and clearly demonstrate that there is a hidden order behind everything. Einstein’s lifelong quest was for the unified theory. Did you discover it?

Is that the key to enlightenment? Curiosity?

Sorry for the deep questions, but they are fascinating.

See you in Orlando also


ANSWER:  I did not see the whole series Genius. I hope to buy it. I caught the end on recommendations of friends. Yes your question is deep, yet interesting. Einstein and myself overlap only where it involves TIME. Einstein’s quest to reach the unified theory is somewhat different, yet related.

The Grand Unified Theory (GUT) is a model in particle physics whereby the Standard Model, which defines the electromagnetic, weak, and strong forces, are merged into one single force. The laws in particle physics do not match the Standard Model. This has been the quest to find the single answer that unified all. However, unifying gravity with the other three interactions would provide what is called the “Theory of Everything” (TOE), rather than a GUT which is an intermediate step towards a TOE.

Consequently, Einstein’s theory of gravity, called general relativity, can explain everything from the movements of planets to the physics of black holes. However, it simply doesn’t seem to apply on the scale of the particles that make up atoms. To predict how particles will behave, we need the theory of quantum mechanics. Quantum mechanics explains the way particles function, but it simply doesn’t apply on any scale larger than an atom. The elusive solution for combining the two theories is the Grand Unified Theory (GUT).


Not to leave everyone behind here, Gravitational Time Dilation is the phenomenon that the further you move away from gravity the faster time passes. This was predicted by Albert Einstein originally in his Theory of Relativity and it has since been confirmed by tests of general relativity. Therefore, TIME is not a constant. This is what Einstein meant by saying “reality is merely an illusion, albeit a very persistent one.

Interesting that you ask if I have picked up where Einstein ended. Perhaps. But it was a different direction  – just TIME. My curiosity has been in the field of TIME. I have explored how TIME transcends everything so it does not matter what one generation does for they cannot escape the Time Dilation (cycle of time). In other words, the business cycle is continuous regardless of the passing of one generation to the next because it is produce by the synergy of the collective whole while individually we possess the power to join the mob or leave it. TIME expands and contracts and it is all determined by the frequency of each object being observed. I keep my Dali clock to remind me that TIME is not constant, but relative.

The business cycle exists as a pulse for centuries on a consistent foundation being the product of human nature interacting with the universe of influences from nature to man-made. It does not matter the government or type of government. The clock keeps ticking. Waves of innovation and dark ages come and go and each is dependent upon the other. This is the pendulum I speak of. There is night and day, male and female, God and the Devil. There must be two opposites to make the universe function.  The system requires opposites to move; never just one side.

Electricity can be transmitted distances ONLY by adding a cycle (Alternating Current) whereby without a cycle, DC (Direct Current) quickly dissipates due to the resistance of the medium through which it is trying to pass. The cycle is the key to using electricity. We need the wave motion between two extremes to perpetuate our existence. It cannot be sunny and bright every single day with no rain and still survive. The Earth turns to an ice age and then reverses with global warming as a natural cycle set in motion by the beat of the Sun. If the Earth ever became totally covered in snow and ice, it would fall into the White Earth effect and die reflecting sunlight unable to ever warm back again.

This is what brought me to my question. How does energy move be it natural sun light or the boom and bust of an economy? My conclusion was straight forward: Energy cannot move in a linear fashion. It must move through a medium and in doing so it travels in waves. Hence, cyclical analysis is really the study of TIME variations based upon the medium through which energy must pass. This is where I overlap with Einstein albeit we are looking at two distinctly different end results.

{\displaystyle E=mc^{2}}

Einstein’s famous formula establishes the mass–energy equivalence, which states that anything having mass has an equivalent amount of energy and vice versa. Therefore, this formula states that the equivalent energy (E) can be calculated as the mass (m) multiplied by the speed of light (c = about 3×108 m/s) squared. Consequently, anything having energy exhibits a corresponding mass “m” given by its energy “E” divided by the speed of light squared “c²”. Since the speed of light is a very large number in everyday units, the formula implies that even an everyday object at rest has a very large amount of energy intrinsically within it even with a modest amount of mass (i.e. atomic bombs).

Einstein’s famous equation, E = mc², teaches us that matter and energy are interchangeable, merely different forms of the same thing. We have a giant example of that in our sky we call the Sun, which the global warming people totally ignore. The Sun is powered by the conversion of mass to energy.

I have explored the existence of an energy force within society that is behind the business cycle. I can measure the amount of energy within the collective movement of society to ascertain over-bought and over-sold conditions that cause the business cycle to reverse course. I can create models and use math to measure something you cannot see or touch yet we experience the effects. Hence, I can measure something that is invisible indirectly through its effect.

Consequently, I have expanded the question asked by Einstein. He sought the unification as a predictive end result. I have sought not the result, but HOW does energy move and in what manner for I can start from the result and work backwards. Light moves in particles, but also in a wave form. Einstein saw the dual nature of light and that it was both a particle and a wave, which has been proven providing the foundation for understanding electromagnetics and quantum mechanics. Einstein believed light is a particle (photon) and the flow of photons takes the shape of a wave. That is where my curiosity begins and this is where we overlap.

I have concerned my research with how waves move through time-space for this is the core mechanism that unified everything. This is how energy moves at the very essence of it all regardless of the scale (quantum mechanics v Standard Model). Understanding this critical nature is the key to everything TOE. Therefore, the true implication of what Einstein said that “reality is merely an illusion, albeit a very persistent one,” to me opens the door to TOE. It is how energy moves that is the TOE.

A sidewinding snake illustrates how moving side to side in a cyclical wave formation moves in a straight line in a linear sense as light move ahead but also in waves. We have the illusion of moving forward in a linear fashion, yet it moves sideways to achieve movement lacking legs. Light moves in waves yet it is composed of particles (photons) that appears to be moving in a straight line or a beam.

Now, to me, the Theory of Everything (TOE) begins right there. It is HOW energy moves regardless of the medium or TIME since TIME itself is not constant but it too moves in waves.  We are trapped in our reality, which creates the linear illusion of TIME. We cannot see beyond this reality, yet we can measure how TIME moves in waves. This is the ultimate Paradox of Existence.

I began my study of cycles at the beach counting the waves and noticing that each wave was not the same and that there was a rhythm to the waves and when the big wave would appear and start to break further out from the shore. You will see this video I took which illustrates that the energy moving through the water is cyclical in amplitude. Note that some waves break further out from the shore and most break at the shore. This is because the wave which breaks further from shore is caused by a greater amplitude in the energy passing through the medium (water).

It is just an illusion that it is the water which is moving. In fact, the water remains still and it offers the medium through which the energy passes. This can be illustrated by placing a ball on the surface of water and you will see it remains in place even though energy waves pass. This proves that energy moves through the medium and does not cause the medium to move with the energy. Electricity passes through the medium (wire) but it does not cause the copper to move within the wire as the electricity passes.

Consequently, the 51.6 year Economic Confidence Model is composed of 6 8.6-year wave building in amplitude creating the big wave at the end. Hence, not every wave is the same and there is a difference between turning points (waves) and the big wave (volatility/panic). Perhaps now you can see why the ECM builds in intensity until it culminates in the big wave. There is order to the universe if you just look with your eyes and mind open.

Remember, if you change the frequency, you produce a different effect. This is a rule never to forget.

For you see, in Quantum Mechanics, it is possible to forecast where a particle will appear known as the Wave Function Ψ(x,t) that is effectively cyclical analysis. In essence, this is the proof that everything is cyclical in nature right down to the movement of particles. Consequently, my goal has been to forecast outside of Quantum Mechanics irrespective of gravity.

Hence the first question became, what is the medium through which energy passes around us? It was this understanding that energy required a medium to move at all that led to the theory of Aether (ether) in physics. This was the proposed existence of a medium that filled a space with a substance or field that allowed the transmission of electromagnetic or gravitational forces. The assumption was there had to be a medium even though we could not see it, measure it, feel it or taste it. Since the development of Einstein’s special relativity, theories using a substantial aether fell out of use in modern physics, and were replaced by more abstract models.

Einstein himself said: “We may say that according to the general theory of relativity space is endowed with physical qualities; in this sense, therefore, there exists an aether. According to the general theory of relativity space without aether is unthinkable” Since that time, aether theories have been discredited because there has been no evidence to prove its existence. Instead, quantum mechanics has filled the void.

Dark Matter is nothing at all like the aether. It’s something that behaves exactly like an ordinary particle of matter, but it is “dark” because it lacks an electric charge or strong interaction with known matter particles. Particle physicists have probably more than a billion different candidates for Dark Matter. The idea of Dark Matter was really forced upon everyone only after decades of observations of galaxies and clusters convinced people that regular matter simply wasn’t enough. Once it became clear that indeed something had to exist as a medium, the idea was accepted.

Dark Energy is the second component conceptually closer to the original idea of aether, which was not a particle, but a smooth component that fills space. Unlike the aether, Dark Energy looks the same no matter how you move through it and it is again “dark” because it has nothing to do with electromagnetic radiation. Dark Energy was also forced upon scientists by observations. In 1998, the discovery that the universe is accelerating was a shock to theoretical physicists who knew it was possible in principle, but almost nobody actually believed it.

Perhaps Dark Energy emerges as a synergy resulting from the behavior on scales smaller than atoms in the realm of Quantum Mechanics, that can produce energy and matter that appears out of nothingness, although only for the tiniest fraction of an instant. The constant brief appearance and disappearance of matter could be giving energy to otherwise what we thought was empty space in the Universe.

Consequently, Dark Energy creates a new fundamental force within the Universe where scientific theories allow for the possibility of such forces. The force might even be temporary, and some believe it is causing the universe to accelerate for some billions of years before it weakens and essentially disappears.

There is still much we don’t know about the medium Dark Matter and Dark Energy because science has not yet determined exactly what they are and their detection is still not DIRECT, but INDIRECT by their effects on gravitational fields in the universe. Make no mistake, they are by no means random or arbitrary any more than market behavior. Both Dark Matter and Dark Energy make very specific predictions for what those gravitational effects should be, which astronomers have tested and verified. Hence, despite being unable to measure Dark Matter and Dark Energy directly, their exist can be verified by indirect observation through their impact and effect.

Energy requires a medium through which it can travel. In economics, we are the medium – human emotion and this is why the majority must always be wrong. We have our own cycle of progress so we begin by purchasing the high and selling the low. If we learn from our mistakes, we progress in our personal cycle so we then sell the high to the new-comer and buy the low when he throws in the towel.

Therefore, like Dark Matter and Dark Energy, the business cycle can be confirmed by measuring its effects even though you cannot see it, touch it, or taste it. The business cycle is the wave form but then there is a separate component within the wave composed of a cycle within a cycle of energy in markets we call volatility. There are two primary components to a wave – the particles and the wave so to speak in light terms. Then there is the Schema Frequency interjecting TIME. What constitutes the business cycle is the entire global economy. You cannot look at just one country and forecast the future. Everything is connected. It was World War I and II that shifted the capital flows to the USA. The United States was bankrupt in 1896 when J.P. Morgan lent it $100 million in gold. Without those wars, the United States would still be mostly agrarian.

Now, the proof of the importance of cycles is the blunt reality that everything in the universe has its own inherent frequency. Physics suggests that a sound wave can break glass. Some have said some opera singers with a very strong voice have broken glass. In reality, every piece of glass has a natural resonant frequency—the speed at which it will vibrate if bumped or otherwise disturbed by some stimulus, such as a sound wave—as does every other material on Earth. If you match that frequency, you can shatter the object. Sonic and ultrasonic weapons (USW) exists. Sonic weapons can injure, incapacitate, or even kill an opponent. Some sonic weapons are currently under research and development by the military as the police.

Some sonic waves can repel crowds without killing them. Cycles are extremely powerful if you understand wave motion. There are electromagnetic rail guns using just electricity that will shoot a bullet (projectile) at a speed of Mach 7 (seven times the speed of sound) for 100 miles. The next war will be much different from what anyone imagines. It is not all just nukes.

My criticism of academics is simply this. They promote stagnation and demean both imagination and curiosity. For your see, our knowledge is confined by the limitation of all we now know and understand. All progress takes place ONLY from those who embrace curiosity and imagination thinking out of the box (reality) for here there is no limitation whatsoever since it encompass the entire universe and all there ever could possibly exist. Curiosity may have killed the cat, but what a boring life it would be if there were no risks and no means to learn from our mistakes.

How Science Changes


Hi Marty,

As a former research scientist I read your blog post “The Plight of Junk Science in All Fields” with great interest. You wrote: “You just didn’t really hear the “oops we were wrong” but instead you heard of another great danger – saturated fat! It became evident that cholesterol in food by itself was not the culprit after all — the real great evil was saturated fat. This is what had a much bigger effect on blood cholesterol when it was discovered that full-fat dairy products and fatty meats are loaded with saturated fat and that triggers the body to produce cholesterol.”

I hope you realize that demonizing saturated fat is also junk science. Without cholesterol you die immediately. Your body produces cholesterol to keep you alive. Many of your hormones are made from cholesterol. Your nerve axons are wrapped in cholesterol to protect them from outside damage.

Read “The Cholesterol Myths: Exposing the Fallacy That Saturated Fat and Cholesterol Cause Heart Disease,” by Uffe Ravnskov, MD, PhD and “Ignore the Awkward!: How the Cholesterol Myths are Kept Alive,” by Uffe Ravnskov, MD, PhD.

Here’s a quote from the latter book (p. 56): “Detailed records of the ability of people to learn, to reason, to concentrate and to organize their thoughts have also shown that, on average, the smartest people have the highest cholesterol.” May your cholesterol level always be high.


REPLY: Yes. The latest now is that Statins can reduce cholesterol which reduces brain function. This is the whole problem. We try so hard to reduce everything to a single cause and effect. The field of medicine was in trouble from the outset because of a false assumption that ALL disease is introduced to the body externally like catching the flu.

We have only begun to realize that it boils down to genetics. They don’t want to tell you that. But when you go to the doctor he asks about your family history. We are only beginning to understand that smoking DOES NOT cause cancer if you do not have the cancer gene. Those with the gene, who do not smoke, have died from lung cancer.

Research requires an broader mind and the understanding that we cannot reduce this down to if you do this, then that else otherwise.

As I said, I believe the best example of what I am writing above is trying to explain LOVE. You cannot use this one-dimensional analysis to explain LOVE. Can you really reduce the feeling of “LOVE” to a single thing and definitively say I love this person because of just this one thing? How about the LOVE one has for family or children. Can you say you love your mother or children reducing it to a single thing?

If you smoke, have the lung cancer gene, then this combination will increase your chances of getting lung cancer sooner rather than later. But without smoking, you cannot guarantee you will still not end up with lung cancer. I had an uncle who smokes 2 packs of cigarettes a day, cigars, and a bible, yet dies at 97 of old age. There are way too many stories like that to establish it really isn’t genetics.

Flammable Ice


The big story in Asia has been that China made a major breakthrough being able to extract gas from what people call “Flammable Ice” located under the South China Sea. This has been at the core of China’s insistence on controlling the area.This is an important future global energy supply and not merely a territorial power grab.

Flammable Ice is actually methane hydrates that hold vast reserves of natural gas. The biggest challenge has been the mining and extracting because they are located under the seabed. We are looking at anther major advancement in the expansion of energy reserves for the world.

We can see that 2015 was a Directional Change with the lowest annual closing followed by 2016, which was a Panic Cycle that did what it was supposed to do taking out the previous low and then the high of the previous session. We now have another Directional Change here in 2017 with volatility rising next year.

Drone Technology Advances for Human Transport

Dubai’s Road & Transportation Agency plans to launch trips with the first fully-electric autonomous aerial vehicle drone. The Prime Minister of the UAE wants 25% of all passenger trips to be made in driverless vehicles by 2030. Perhaps we will try it out in our office in Abu Dhabi. This is the future and it looks pretty cool. (See EHANG)

Google’s New Flying Car & the Future Could Be So Much Brighter

Flying Car

I found what I want for Christmas – Google’s prototype for a flying car. It would be really nice if we could ban all people from government who have zero experience in the real world who love to be career politicians to tell the rest of us what to do, and take all the toys away from military armies, for nobody wants to really invade and occupy enemies anymore – it’s just about pushing a button for power or like a domestic fight when dishes begin to fly before a divorce.

It reminds me of the Wagon Wheel scene in When Harry met Sally. Military fight over things like who will control what and at the end of the day, we forget about it. Neither Russia nor China are trying to reinstall communism. If Russia invaded Europe, the socialists will cheer and hand them the bill for their pensions. Putin would turn and run then. If we could actually return the national defense back to the Founding Father’s concept of a militia and eliminate standing armies worldwide, Kim Jong-un would be left with perhaps chasing women instead of power. Neo-Conservatives who are mad at the world for turning them into weak traitors like John McCain, would have to find a real job where he could brewed over being broken by the Vietnamese.

If we could just break-away from these two elements, the future might appear to be a new world of accomplishment.