From the attached report on climate change for March 2019 we have the two charts showing how much has the global temperature actually gone up since we started to measure CO2 in the atmosphere? To show this graphically Chart 8 was constructed by plotting CO2 as a percent increase from when it was first measured in 1958, the Black plot, the scale is on the left and it shows CO2 going up about 30.0% from 1958 to February of 2019. That is a very large change as anyone would have to agree. Now how about temperature, well when we look at the percentage change in temperature from 1958, using Kelvin (which does measure the change in heat), we find that the changes in global temperature (heat) are almost un-measurable. The scale on the right side had to be expanded 10 times (the range is 40 % on the left and 4% on the right) to be able to see the plot in the same chart in any detail. The red plot, starting in 1958, shows that the thermal energy in the earth’s atmosphere increased by .30%; while CO2 has increased by 30.0% which is 100 times that of the increase in temperature. So is there really a meaningful link between them that would give as a major problem? The numbers tell us no there isn’t.
The next chart is Chart 8a which is the same as Chart 8 except for the scales which are the same for both CO2 and Temperature. As you see the increase in energy, heat, is not visually observably in this chart hence the need for the previous chart 8 to show the minuscule increase in thermal energy shown by NASA in relationship to the change in CO2. Based to these trends, determined by excel not me, in 2028 CO2 will be 428 ppm and temperatures will be 15.0o Celsius and in 2038 CO2 will be 458 ppm and temperatures will be 15.6O Celsius. This is what the data shows no matter what the reasons are, so I have no idea how the IPCC gets to predict that the world will end in ten or twenty years.
The full 37 page report explains how these charts were developed and why using NASA and NOAA data are used with out change to prove that The New Green Deal is not required and any attempt to compliment that plan will be a world wide disaster.
Published on Jul 20, 2018
Arizona Public Media
Published on Feb 16, 2017
With Sam Gralla. At the dawn of the twentieth century, Einstein revolutionized our conception of reality, showing that space and time are not merely the stage on which the show unfolds, but dynamical entities that stretch, bend, and vibrate to give rise to the force we know as gravity. A century later, the vibrations of spacetime have been directly detected as gravitational radiation from colliding black holes, confirming Einstein’s prediction and ushering in a new era in observational astronomy. How did physicists measure these minuscule vibrations, and what does it mean for our understanding of the universe? And what is the next revolution, fomenting right now, in our conception of space and time?
Published on Aug 2, 2012
Published on Jan 28, 2018
Published on Mar 4, 2018
This paper is not meant to be a peer-reviewed work; but it is meant to give a foundation for a more serious study of the subject matter presented here which is of determining the basis of developing a global temperature. The key is the base which what is the base temperature of the planet and, of course, it is the solar radiation received from the sun. Therefore, the energy absorbed by the planet must equal the energy emitted by the planet and we can calculate this using the Stefan-Boltzmann Law the the result is called the blackbody temperature. The energy flux emitted by a blackbody is related to the fourth power of the body’s absolute temperature. In the case of the earth use means and averages that temperature is -18.8 degrees Celsius but wait the current temperature around 14.6 degrees Celsius today that is a difference of 33.4 degrees Celsius; where did that come from. The answer is that is the greenhouse effect. and at least 85% of that is form the water in the atmosphere making water the primary green house gas by far.
This paper has been written to show the read the basics of the science of determining the key variables that make up earth the temperature. What you will find is that the planet has been very stable over time and that its currently much cooler than it ever has been. The following chart is developed from ice core and is onlyu one of many that show the same thing.
There are three areas of interest.
1) The amount of thermal energy that reaches the planet from the sun.
2) The amount of thermal energy that is initially absorbed by the planet.
3) The process on the planet that ‘temporarily’ holds thermal energy on the planet.
In this paper I will give a frame work for determining all three aspects.
Part One, the blackbody temperature of the planet
Part Two, the planetary greenhouse effect
Part Three, the probable range of temperatures on the planet
NASA Table Land Ocean Temperature Index (LOTI) April 2008
NASA Table Land Ocean Temperature Index (LOTI) current to the date of this paper
The link below will allow you to download the paper, if you want, and at no cost.
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