Bell’s Theorem: The Quantum Venn Diagram Paradox

Published on Sep 13, 2017

Featuring 3Blue1Brown Watch the 2nd video on 3Blue1Brown here:… Support MinutePhysics on Patreon! Link to Patreon Supporters: This video is about Bell’s Theorem, one of the most fascinating results in 20th century physics. Even though Albert Einstein (together with collaborators in the EPR Paradox paper) wanted to show that quantum mechanics must be incomplete because it was nonlocal (he didn’t like “spooky action at a distance”), John Bell managed to prove that any local real hidden variable theory would have to satisfy certain simple statistical properties that quantum mechanical experiments (and the theory that describes them) violate. Since then, GHZ and others have managed to extend the theoretical work, and Alain Aspect performed the first Bell test experiment in the late 1980s. Thanks to Vince Rubinetti for the music:… And thanks to Evan Miyazono, Aatish Bhatia, and Jasper Palfree for discussions and camaraderie during some of the inception of this video. REFERENCES: John Bell’s Original Paper:… Quantum Theory and Reality:… “What Bell Did” By Tim Maudlin: Bell’s Theorem on Wikipedia:… 2015 experimental confirmation that QM violates Bell’s theorem:… Bell’s Theorem without Inequalities (GHZ): Kochen-Specker Theorem:–… MinutePhysics is on twitter – @minutephysics And facebook – And Google+ (does anyone use this any more?) – Minute Physics provides an energetic and entertaining view of old and new problems in physics — all in a minute!

Delayed Choice Quantum Eraser Experiment Explained

Published on Jan 31, 2014

To help support this ministry click here:… This video attempts to simplify the delayed choice quantum eraser experiment and share the shocking implications. i would also like to thank Physicists Bruce Rosenblum and Fred Kuttner for reviewing this video. I did not mention them in the video because they didn’t get back to me until the after the video was complete and uploaded. References:………

Delayed Choice Quantum Eraser Explained

Published on Nov 14, 2014


Did Aliens Just Visit Us?

A number of people have asked what is my opinion of Avi Loeb’s theory that we were just visited by an alien probe. He basically noted strange facts about the probe he called ‘Oumuamua. ʻOumuamua was the first interstellar object ever detected passing through our solar system. Formally designated 1I/2017 U1, ‘Oumuamua was discovered by Robert Weryk using the Pan-STARRS telescope at Haleakala Observatory, Hawaii, on October 19th, 2017, 40 days after it passed its closest point to the sun.

Loeb has explained that we can calculate at what rate of speed a solar system will eject rocks during its history. When you look at all the stars in the vicinity of our sun, we discover that they move relative to our sun. In other words, our sun moves relative to their systems around us with respect to speed. However, perhaps one in five hundred stars move as slow as ‘Oumuamua. Therefore, the speed of the object is significantly different and much slower. Most rocks would move roughly at the same speed of the star from which they were ejected. If this object came from another star, that star would have to be very special and moving at an incredibly slow pace.

Then there was the matter of its brightness. It would spin every eight hours, and its brightness changed by at least a factor of ten. The fact that its brightness varies by a factor of ten as it spins means that it is at least ten times longer than its width. It is also possible that the shape is more of a pancake like geometry. The most unusual fact about this object is that when it deviates from an orbit it becomes shaped purely by the gravitational force of the sun. There is also no cometary tail here and there is a deviation from the expected orbit which results in this potential classification to be some sort of probe.

There are some who believe that we are alone in the vast universe with billions of planets. The likelihood of that I find not very credible for why would God create the universe for no reason. Also, human reasoning has been highly questionable. They use to torture and execute people for simply saying the Earth was round and not flat. The story of Giordano Bruno (1548–1600) is rarely told. I believe he is a figure from the past that is in need of rescue because he basically is perhaps the first person to envision a dynamic universe building upon Copernicus’ work. His essential theory saw the universe with many worlds and suns basically as we accept today. He gave his life for that proposition. You can imagine that those who believed God created the world were not about to accept the idea that there were multiple solar systems when they refused to accept that the planets revolved around the sun. Despite the fact that the Bible made no statement that the Earth was the center of the planetary system or that the Earth was flat, that reasoning resulted in the punishment for those who dared to disagree.

On February 17th, 1600, Bruno was taken to the Camo de’ Fior. His tongue was gaged so they would not have to listen to his screams of pain when he was burned alive. The importance of Giordano Bruno’s books was established by being placed on the forbidden list on August 7th, 1603. When Galileo (1564-1642) was confronted for his theory that agreed with Bruno, he had to recant or be burned alive at the stake.

At the risk of being burned at the stake alive, I keep an open mind.

Einstein’s Field Equations of General Relativity Explained


Published on Jul 5, 2012

You can support us on Patreon: See also Brady’s Objectivity series: (science treasures) We’re given special access to various plutonium compounds at the National Nuclear Laboratory, in Sellafield. A chance to meet the “Hannibal Lecter of the Periodic Table”. With thanks to Mark Sarsfield and Chris Maher… In part this video shows how plutonium is extracted from nuclear fuel waste. More chemistry at Follow us on Facebook at And on Twitter at From the School of Chemistry at The University of Nottingham:… Periodic Videos films are by video journalist Brady Haran:


The nature of consciousness

Published on Oct 19, 2016

This lecture was organized by support of Moscow Center for Consciousness Studies, Russian House and Polytech Museum of Moscow. The nature of consciousness, the mechanism by which it occurs in the brain and its place in the universe are unknown. In the mid 1990’s Sir Roger Penrose and I suggested that consciousness depends on biologically ‘orchestrated’ coherent quantum processes in collections of microtubules within brain neurons, that these quantum processes correlate with, and regulate, neuronal activity, and that the continuous Schrodinger evolution of each such process terminates in accordance with the specific Diosi-Penrose (‘DP’) scheme of objective reduction (‘OR’) of the quantum state. ‘Orchestrated’ OR activity (‘Orch OR’) is taken to result in moments of full conscious awareness and/or choice. The DP form of OR is related to the fundamentals of quantum mechanics and space-time geometry, so Orch OR suggests a connection between brain biomolecular processes and the basic structure of the universe. I will review Orch OR in light of criticisms, presenting experimental evidence for 1) hierarchical microtubule quantum resonances (terahertz, gigahertz, megahertz, kilohertz), and 2) anesthetics preventing consciousness through quantum actions on microtubules. Further novel Orch OR suggestions include 1) topological quantum bits (‘qubits’) intrinsic to microtubule geometry, 2) interference ‘beat frequencies’ of fast (e.g. megahertz) microtubule vibrations producing slower electro-encephalographic (EEG) correlates of consciousness, 3) mental state alterations caused by brain stimulation with megahertz mechanical vibrations (ultrasound), and 4) OR-based primitive feelings prompting life’s origin and evolution. Orch OR is rigorous, consistent with neuronal-level approaches and better supported experimentally than other theories of consciousness. Reference: Hameroff & Penrose (2014) Phys. Life Rev., 11(1):39-78 Визит Стюарта Хамероффа в Москву был организован нашим Центром. Лекция стала возможной благодаря поддержке политехнического музея в лице Ольги Вад и Russian House в лице Татьяны Гинзбург.


What Can Physics Tell Us About Consciousness? — ChrisFields

Published on Aug 11, 2015

SUBSCRIBE 85K Physics and particularly quantum physics are often invoked in discussions of consciousness. But what can physics actually tell us? I will first discuss what physics does not tell us: physics does not provide any criteria with which to distinguish conscious systems from non-conscious systems. As far as physics is concerned, consciousness is like free will – it characterizes either nothing or everything. Since we are conscious, it is reasonable to regard everything else as conscious, too. If we make this assumption, the question of interest becomes: what systems are conscious of what? Physics is fundamentally a theory of interaction, so it can tell us a lot about this. The first thing it tells us is that being conscious of something requires expending energy. How much energy a system can expend determines how much it can be conscious of. This energy requirement has surprising consequences, some of which I will describe.

Scientific Clues That We Are Living In the Matrix: A Talk by Klee Irwin

Published on Nov 16, 2015

Klee Irwin, founder of physics research group Quantum Gravity Research discusses fundamental reality. This is a Powerpoint presentation and talk given October 9th, 2015 in San Francisco before the San Francisco Theosophical Society ( For the new short movie ‘What Is Reality’ about a theory in development:


New Experiments Show Consciousness Affects Matter ~ Dean Radin Ph.D

Published on Jun 7, 2016

Join the IONS newsletter Dean Radin speaks at the Science of Consciousness Conference in Tucson 2016. Dean Radin Ph.D is chief scientist at the Institute of Noetic Sciences (IONS).