Cycle of Knowledge


I am a French Astrophysicist and I end up watching with great interest a TV story about Martin Armstrong. As a scientist I am really curious and keen to build new connection between our way of describing the Universe and the bias introduced by our own vision and history. Hence I was wondering if the algorithm that Martin has developed was ever tested on human knowledge discovery or if this is something that could be interesting to do.

Kind Regards,


ANSWER: Absolutely. There is cycle to knowledge that I have also encountered and found fascinating. We reach period of knowledge and then we seem to lose it all and reboot. Society before the Dark Age knew the Earth was round and not flat.  For example, if we look at the ancient Greeks, the knew the Earth was round and not flat. They burned people like Giordano Bruno (1548–1600) alive at the stake for claiming the world was round and it revolved around the sun instead of the other way around. The Greek philosopher Aristotle (384-322 BC) argued in his writings that the Earth was spherical, because of the circular shadow it cast on the Moon, during a lunar eclipse. Another reason was that some stars visible from Egypt are not seen further north. Aristotle wrote:

The evidence of the senses further corroborates this. How else would eclipses of the moon show segments shaped as we see them? As it is, the shapes which the moon itself each month shows are of every kind — straight, gibbous, and concave — but in eclipses the outline is always curved: and, since it is the interposition of the earth that makes the eclipse, the form of this line will be caused by the form of the earth’s surface, which is therefore spherical.

Again, our observations of the stars make it evident, not only that the earth is circular, but that it is a circle of no great size. For quite a small change of position to south or north causes a manifest alteration of the horizon. There is much change, I mean, in the stars which are overhead, and the stars seen are different, as one moves northward or southward. Indeed there are some stars seen in Egypt and in the neighborhood of Cyprus which are not seen in the northerly regions; and stars, which in the north are never beyond range of observation, in those regions rise and set.

All of which goes to show not only that the earth is circular in shape, but also that it is a sphere of no great size: for otherwise the effect of so slight a change of place would not be so quickly apparent. Hence one should not be too sure of the incredibility of the view of those who conceive that there is continuity between the parts about the pillars of Hercules and the parts about India, and that in this way the ocean is one.

(Aristotle, “On the Heavens,” Book II, Chapter 14, The Works of Aristotle, Oxford University Press; pp. 297-298.)

Aristotle, on the other hand, disagreed with the Atomic theory developed by Democritus (460—370 BC) in 465BC. He believed that instead of being matter being made of tiny particles (atoms) that they were all fundamentally air, fire, water, and earth. The Atomic theory was actually first proposed by Leucippus (c 5th cent. BC), and was then adopted by Democritus. The Atomic theory stated that “The universe is composed of two elements: the atoms and the void in which they exist and move.” According to Democritus atoms were miniscule quantities of matter, which he believed could not be destroyed, differ in size, shape and temperature. They were also in constant movement yet could not be seen with the naked eye. He believed that there are an infinite number of atoms.

Then there was the Alexandrian philosopher Eratosthenes (c. 276BC–195/194BC) who actually estimated how large the Earth was. Eratosthenes learned that on midsummer day (June 21) in the town of Syene in southern Egypt, the noontime Sun was reflected in a deep well for it was directly overhead on that one day. Eratosthenes in Alexandria which was about 5000 stadia north of Syene. In Alexandria the Sun on the corresponding date did not quite reach zenith (perfectly overhead), and vertical objects would cast a short shadow. Hence, Eratosthenes calculated that the direction of the noon Sun differed from the zenith by an angle that was 1/50 of the circle, that is, 7. 2 degrees. With this realization, ,Eratosthenes estimated the circumference of the Earth to be 250,000 stadia.

 I have stated before that after Rome fell, the financial capitol of the world moved to Constantinople in Turkey. After the Byzantine Empire fell, that financial capitol moved to India. It was because of the importance of India that Columbus set sail on a mission to India based upon a wrong calculation of the size of the earth. Columbus relied upon the calculations of the earth from Ptolemy. Ptolemy influenced Strabo who in turn reduced the 250,000 Stadia of Eratosthenes to 180,000, and then stated that half of that distance came to just 70,000 stadia, making India reachable by sailing West. So India has played a very important role for Europe bumped into the Americas by trying to sail to India.

This is only one example of how there has been a cycle to knowledge. It is by no means linear. Knowledge is built from experience. Thus, we have to go through the business cycle to advance. This was in part included in Schumpter’s explanation of the business cycle that there are waves of innovation. He did not see what I see studying history that there is also a peak and then a decline to the level of knowledge as well and it is not linear as Schumpter imagined from a small data set.

Dark Age v Renaissance

QUESTION: Hi Martin,

Thank you for everything that you do.  Concerning the post, The Long-Term Cycle of Monetary Crisis, you describe the corruption of power that leads to monetary crisis and the subsequent reform: the thread that repeats throughout history.

I was wondering if you could contrast this with the periods of history where there is a renaissance/age of enlightenment, and the common tread there (is it the people revolting, which is the only way that corruption of power is defeated?).

Many Thanks Again,


ANSWER: Oh yes. This is part of the Cycle of Civilization but now you are at the 309+ year level where major change begins to appear. The big one comes on the Sixth Wave of the 309.6 Year level. This is the only reason I do what I do. I have written many times that when this wave peaks in 2032, when we come to a crossroads. We either regress contracting into authoritarianism, then break-up into a fragmented feudal type system of local tribes basically, or we can perhaps crash and burn, but then see the light and we make a major technological leap forward.

Even at each 51.6 year wave culmination there is a major structural reset. It is my HOPE that if we reach a level of understanding how and why things work, then we have a shot and perhaps pushing back and we can make do what Neil Armstrong said upon landing on the moon: “That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.

This is the third set of the Sixth Wave. This is why I say if it was just me, I am ready- Beam Me Up Scotty. I have my posterity to think about. So I am trying to do what I can. I bumped into cycles in the middle of the night. They found me. I never approached this as a theory to go out and prove. Most major discoveries in science have been by accident.

The Renaissance really began when Constantinople fell to the Turks. Then the scholars fled to the West bringing the known with them in 1453. Note the year. They began schools and started to teach people all the knowledge they had forgotten. There were some who were starting to reintroduce mathematics like Fibonacci (c. 1175 – c. 1250) during the 13th century. But it was the schools that opened following the fall of Constantinople that brought educate back to Europe. Hence, Columbus was exposed to that knowledge and he realized the Earth was round. He set sail in 1492.

The full Age of Enlightenment truly began with the confrontation that cycles existed. It all began with the discovery in 1772 of a frozen intact woolly rhinoceros . Then intact woolly-mammoth followed in Siberia. Suddenly people were stunned. This meant that you could be frozen with food still in you mouth. This inspired tremendous investigation into gravity to the cyclical nature of comets.

The Dark Age is the fragmentation of society reverting back to where we see nations breaking up unto regions and then all the way back to city states. The  Renaissance is typically inspired by the rediscovery of lost knowledge. This is really an extensive subject. I have written a book on this entire topic documenting everything from math and science to political rise and fall. I am hiring more editors to try to get out several books that have been backlogged for way too long.

A New Park has been set up in Macedonia, Ohio Honoring Veterans

For the past 2 years my American Legion Nordonia Hills Post 801 with the help of Veterans of Foreign Wars Post 6768 and the city of Macedonia has worked on establishing a Veterans Memorial Park dedicated to honor all veterans.  It has now completed the first phase of the Park.  The AL Post Commander and Chairperson of the committee established to create this park first created a team of motivated veterans.  The team raised about 40% of the estimated $364,000 required to construct the entire park.  These funds allowed us to design and build the park’s main entrance starting in May 2017.  Construction was completed on September 15, 2017, POW/MIA Recognition Day.   The next day, September 16,  the first part of this projected was dedicated.

There were three monuments displaced, this is the Main One to all veterans.

The other two are one for the War on Terror and one for Vietnam

We had a band and many local politicians as well as three Former Green Berets as speakers. Colonel David Taylor (center), Lt Colonel Howard Pearce (Right) and myself (Left).

The Crowd

Nordonia Hills Veterans Memorial Park



Judge Suspended for 30 days for Wearing a Trump Hat


A judge in Ontario, Canada was suspended for 30-day without pay for wearing a Trump hat – Make America Great Again. This certain raises the question would he have suffered the same penalty had he worn a Hillary hat?

If You Have Kids, Share This Video With Them

We are all precious, each child is precious, and all they need to know is that someone cares, someone sees the good in them.

Contempt & the Rule of Law – You Have ZERO Rights!!!!!

The majority of Federal judges are the most ruthless people you will ever encounter. They have ZERO respect for human rights and on this point I seriously disagree with Trump and his undying support for the law enforcement divisions in this country. If you have not been exposed to the Judicial System, you are clueless.

The US government relies on the contempt power claimed by judges asserting right as if they were pre-revolution judges of the kind. The prosecutors are keeping a former police officer in prison until he dies because he claims not to be able to remember the code to decrypt two hard drives under investigation.

Francis Rawls, the former sergeant in the Philadelphia police department, has spent nearly two years in prison for contempt of court after refusing to provide the passcode for two hard drives the Feds took from his home back in 2015 during an investigation into child abuse images.

Rawls claims he can’t remember the passcode for the two drives, encrypted using Apple’s FileVault system. The government says that he’s stalling because he fears that the contents could see him in serious trouble with his former employers. That’s speculation, but what happened to the 5th Amendment since the mere possession of a file is a crime.

Sure, we may have no sympathy for this particular issue. However, the precedent is set and they can do this to you for taxes. They government can claim you have an account on Bangladesh and you say you do not. The judge then throws you in prison for life until you tell them the location of something that may not even exist. They need not prove anything any more, they rely on the judge claiming he has inherent power to effectively kill you. What next – off with your head?

Why Socrates?

Visiting Socrates’ Jail Cell

COMMENT:  Dear Martin,

I was watching a documentary about the making of Kubrick’s ‘2001: A Space Odyssey’ the other night, and the first name considered for the HAL 9000 computer was ‘Socrates’.




REPLY: Interesting. I choose Socrates because he was the smartest man in Greece, but he did not regard himself as such and sought to prove that he was not. The more he tried to prove a negative, the more he proved he was smartest man and thus they killed him for being smart.

Trump Acts Like Businessman At Last

There is no doubt that the feud between Donald Trump and Republicans in Congress has been astonishing. Even some Republicans support trying to impeach him thinking he will be a liability in 2018. Trump is responding like a businessman and not a politician, Many of his supporters hoped for this and voted for him to drain the swamp.

The elite Republicans remain anti-Trump because they too like the swamp the way it is. However, the elite Republicans may find that turning their back on Trump may find things get crazier in 2018. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, said that Trump doesn’t understand how Washington works. What McConnell does not understand is the people are fed up with the way Washington works.

This all out war against Trump has been waged for months. Trump was clearly annoyed that the Senate failed to pass any Obamacare repeal  in any shape or form. While Trump and the elite Republicans were working from the same political play-book of Republican v Democrats, That suddenly changed. Trump is nowhere close to pushing through tax reform so here you have the two cornerstones of repealling Obamacare and Tax Reform that with a major majority, the elite Republicans cannot deliver either promise.

Trump did what he said he really was – a businessman who makes things happen. When it came time to choose sides between Democrats and Republican leaders in Congress concerning the debt ceiling and relief for Hurricane Harvey, Trump sided with the Democrats, which blind-sided the Republicans who had hoped to tie the emergency funding to an extension of the debt limit for more than a year, taking away a key bit of Democratic leverage until after the 2018 mid-term elections.

Trump was not about to let people suffer for political games. House Speaker Paul Ryan had already shepherded a “clean” version of hurricane relief through the chamber on Wednesday morning. He was running things his way and did not want the debt ceiling tied to the relief. Ryan blasted the Democrats for trying to link the two. But Trump looked at the hard-line Republicans and their total failure on the repeal of Obamacare while frozen in their tracks with tax reform. It has been the elite Republicans who have prevented Trump from achieving what he promised. That is highly unusual and one would expect that to be the Democrats not members of his own party.


You Have A Due Process Right to be heard – Not that Judges Must Listen

QUESTION: Is there anyway the People have a remedy when the court is corrupt?

ANSWER: No. The only remedy historically becomes a revolution. This is by no means restricted to the West. In China, the Judicial minister Chao Cuo (? – 154BC) who served under the previous emperor Ching-ti (Liu Ch’i)(157-141BC), earned the hatred of other ministers and the people after he introduced 30 new laws that were draconian. The outrage become so intense, he was dragged out and executed in his judicial robes in the town marketplace.

Ben Franklin proposed that judges should only be nominated by the private sector. His proposal was rejected only because even those who were framing the Constitution wanted government to still control the people. Had we listened to Ben Franklin, then the Judiciary would be a real check against abusive government. Lacking that, we have no rights whatsoever for any judge can sweep the Constitution aside with some novel new interpretation. You have a Due Process Right to be heard, but not a Due Process Right that they must listen.

Judges should NEVER be part of the government. If they are, politics intervenes and there never can be justice for all.

Hurricane Irma Update – South Florida, Both Coasts, Pay Close Attention…

The latest update from the national hurricane center lists Hurricane Irma as a strong category 4 storm with wind speeds of 150 MPH.  However, strengthening is anticipated and Cat 5 scale begins at 157 MPH.   At 5:00am the eye was located at latitude 16.6 North,
longitude 56.4 West, moving West at 13 MPH. –ADVISORY HERE

Due to the severity of this storm and the uncertain forecast track, all Florida Residents South of I-4 on both coasts should be checking every update and begin verification of their  Hurricane supplies, hurricane plan and be paying close attention to local officials.

There is no cause for immediate alarm, and the storm’s path is likely to change and become more certain in the next 36/48 hours.  However, most models and forecasters are predicting a sharp turn to the right (North) sometime during the life of this storm; and with that in mind the timing of that turn will be critical for Florida residents.

If the storm does not turn North until later in the week, Irma could move up the East Coast (I-95 area), the center of the state, or the West coast (I-75 area).

If anything like that path is actually the end forecast direction of a Cat 4 or Cat 5 storm, the difference between 10 to 20 miles east or west will be extremely important.  I have led numerous Hurricane recovery teams, within multiple hurricane areas; this one is concerning.

Circulation is counterclockwise and Florida is a Peninsular with width of 90 to 120 miles in the South.

  • If the storm tracks North on the East Coast of Florida (I-95) the top of the storm will bring the surge, and the backside will push the outflow.
  • If the storm tracks North on the West Coast of Florida (I-75) the top of the storm will bring wind toward offshore, but the back side will bring in a massive storm surge from the shallow coastal Gulf of Mexico.
  • If the storm tracks North through the center of the state, both coasts will see coastal storm surges albeit with lesser severity.

Both SW (gulf side) and SE (Atlantic side) Florida coasts have large population centers and thankfully neither coast has seen a lengthwise hurricane path in many decades.  The worst case scenarios for Hurricane impact are within those possibilities.

♦Hurricane Andrew was a well-known catastrophic Cat 5 storm that hit the Homestead area South of Miami-Dade in 1992.  However, that storm –  as terrible as it was – was from East to West crossing the state and exiting in the Gulf of Mexico.  Florida has not had a South to North full impact hurricane in your lifetime.

♦Hurricane Charley was a lesser known strong Cat 4 storm (150 MPH) which tracked into the Gulf of Mexico and crossed the state from West to East in 2004.  Charley made initial impact through Upper Captiva Island (actually splitting the island in two) and hitting the mainland around Port Charlotte.  However, despite it’s Cat4 power Charley was a tight and fast moving hurricane and the damage was severe but narrow in path.

I’m providing those two references to highlight that South Florida has not had a South to North path hurricane in multiple decades.  There were probably less than two million residents in Florida the last time it happened; now there’s approximately 21 million.

For our friends in the Westward Keys and Southern Gulf Side (South West Florida), please pay particular attention to this current storms path.  Unlike the Eastern coast of Florida the South West coast (Gulf Side) is primarily made up of recently populated “shallow water” Gulf barrier Islands.  A Category 5 storm that skirts the Western coast of Florida, from Ten Thousand Islands Northward to Sarasota, and maintains inflow energy from the Gulf of Mexico, is a topography changing event.

Repeat: “A topography changing event.”

Shallow Water Coastal Vulnerability

In a scenario where Cat 5 Irma continues West or Northwest (current track), then takes a sharp right turn, Northward up the Southwest coast of Florida – before turning Northeast – the coastal vulnerabilities are almost too staggering to contemplate.

Beginning in the area of Everglades City and Ten Thousand Islands; northward through Marco Island, Naples Beach, Bonita Beach, Fort Myers Beach, Estero Island, Sanibel Island, Captiva Island, Upper Captiva Island, Useppa Island, The Caloosahatchee River inlet, Pine Island, Cape Coral, Bokeelia, Matlacha, Boca Grande as far North as Siesta Key and into the intracoastal waterway would be almost unfathomable in the scale of how the coastal topography would change.

These Islands, while they may not be familiarly referenced as “barrier islands”, simply because decades have past and populations have developed them, are exactly that “Barrier Islands”.  These shallow water gulf areas along the coast have not had severe storm surge disturbances for 60+ years.

The tenuous coastal and barrier island ‘ground‘ is crushed shell and sand, and their entire topography is subject to change as the shallow and severely churned gulf waters carry in sand/silt and excavate the same.

Just like 2004’s Hurricane Charley split an entire island in less than 15 minutes, so too could entire coastal communities be split or covered in sand within a few hours. Bridges rising from mainland on one side could disappear into the new coastal Gulf of Mexico on the other, with the barrier island completely removed.   Nature is a powerful force.

If you live in South Florida, please pay attention to Irma’s path.  There are millions of people in these coastal communities and only two basic Northern Interstates available for evacuation: I-75 (West Coast) and I-95 (East Coast).

If you live in South Florida West of I-75 or East of I-95, this might be the first storm you should consider *NOT* trying to ride out.