Ice Age & Warfare


QUESTION: Did the sea level rise after the last Ice Age? When did warfare begin?

HS

ANSWER: About 85% if pre-history ancient sites are actually underwater.  Usually, ancient people were close to the sea. As a result, many pre-history sites are still underwater which sunk after the last Ice Age. A great example of that is Atlit Yam which was an ancient submerged Neolithic village off the coast of Atlit, Israel. It has been carbon-dated as to be between 8900 and 8300 years old. Among the features of the 10-acre site is a stone circle.

The Neolithic (“New Stone Age”), was the final division of the Stone Age period, which began about 12,000 years ago and is distinguished by the first developments of farming. The Neolithic first farmers, spread westward from Anatolia (modern-day Turkey) arriving in central Europe 7500 years ago. They tended to be more settled lives than the nomadic fishing and foraging peoples they displaced, but they also were territorial. There is evidence that there was violence with mass gravesso there was clearly warfare even back during the transition to the Neolithic period.

There are over 35,000 megaliths in Europe alone, ranging from Sweden to the Mediterranean sea. Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England, which is probably the most famous of this megalithic period. The Neolithic Megalithic era gives way to the Bronze Age. Archaeologists believe Stonehenge was constructed from 3000 BC to 2000 BC.

So yes the sea level rose following the Ice Age and there is evidence that warfare existed even during pre-history.

A Technical Study in the Relationships of Solar Flux, Water, Carbon Dioxide and Global Temperatures, February 2020 Data


From the attached report on climate change for February 2020 Data we have the two charts showing how much the global temperature has actually gone up since we started to measure CO2 in the atmosphere? To show this graphically Chart 8 was constructed by plotting CO2 as a percent increase from when it was first measured in 1958, the Black plot, the scale is on the left and it shows CO2 going up a bit over 30.0% from 1958 to February of 2020. That is a very large change as anyone would have to agree.  Now how about temperature, well when we look at the percentage change in temperature from 1958, using Kelvin (which does measure the change in heat), we find that the changes in global temperature (heat) are almost un-measurable. The scale on the right side had to be expanded 10 times (the range is 40 % on the left and 4% on the right) to be able to see the plot in the same chart in any detail. The red plot, starting in 1958, shows that the thermal energy in the earth’s atmosphere increased by .30%; while CO2 has increased by 30.0% which is 100 times that of the increase in temperature. So is there really a meaningful link between them that would give as a major problem? The numbers tell us no there isn’t.

The next chart is Chart 8a which is the same as Chart 8 except for the scales which are the same for both CO2 and Temperature. As you see the increase in energy, heat, is not visually observably in this chart hence the need for the previous chart 8 to show the minuscule increase in thermal energy shown by NASA in relationship to the change in CO2. Based to these trends, determined by excel not me, in 2028 CO2 will be 428 ppm and temperatures will be 15.0o Celsius and in 2038 CO2 will be 458 ppm and temperatures will be 15.6O Celsius. This is what the data shows no matter what the reasons are, so I have no idea how the IPCC gets to predict that the world will end in ten or even twenty years.

The full 40 page report explains how these charts were developed and why using NASA and NOAA data that are used without change to prove that The New Green Deal is not required and any attempt to complete that plan will be a worldwide disaster.

Click on the link below for the full report that you can download.

BLACKBODY TEMPERATURE 2020-02


Locusts have plagued farmers for millennia. When we look at the plague of locust in Africa which is now spreading to China, it brings up visions of the Book of Exodus, which recounts around 1446 BC the Egyptians experienced an exceptional ravenous Plague of Locusts which was the eighth Biblical plague. As Exodus describes, “They covered the face of the whole land, so that the land was darkened, and they ate all the plants in the land and all the fruit of the trees that the hail had left. Not a green thing remained, neither tree nor plant of the field, through all the land of Egypt.”

Plagues of Locusts had been recorded in history since ancient times. Just where these plagues have taken place is interdependent with the weather. The insects can arrive quite unexpectedly when even the wind changes direction blowing them in from far distant lands. They also seem to swarm more aligned with cold weather and may reach plague levels during climate change. Besides the famous Biblical account as the eighth plague, the Ancient Egyptians also carved locusts on tombs in the period 2470 to 2220 BC about 1,000 years prior to the Biblical plague about 1446 BC. We even find mention of such plagues by Homer in his Iliad recording locusts taking to the wing to escape a fire. Looking at the Quran, we also find mention of locust plagues.  Pestilence in the northwestern provinces of China during 311 AD resulted in the death of 98% of the population. They blamed the crisis on locusts. There was a link also with the rise in the population of rats that spread disease since they devoured the locust carcasses. In the ninth century BC, the Chinese authorities even appointed anti-locust officers suggesting that the problem was serious.

Aristotle was interested in the problem and conducted studies into locusts to try to understand their breeding habits. The Roman historian, Livy, also mentions that there was a devastating plague in Capua in 203 BC. Livy associated human epidemics following locust plagues which were most likely caused by starvation. Livy, on the other hand, associated the rise in human disease with the stench from the putrifying corpses. Nevertheless, there were realizations taking hold that there was a clear link of human disease outbreaks to locust plagues.

From a cyclical perspective, using the data from China, there were 116 major outbreaks over a period of nearly 2000 years. The average plague event seemed to be 17.2 years which seems to align with Pi. Research has discovered that serotonin, the brain chemical involved in depression and anger in humans, turns out to have another surprising role transforming desert locusts from a solitary lifestyle into swarming voracious insects that can devour orchards and fields in a matter of hours. The findings were published in Science, which may point the way to new locust-control methods. They are a solitary insect that shuns other members of its species and flying only by night. However, cyclically, when their densities reach a certain threshold, locusts become gregarious. It is at this time when they seek out one another’s company and reproduce explosively. This is when massive swarms emerged and they then can move thousands of kilometers beyond their usual habitats. The behavior changes unfold with a complete physical makeover, taking several generations, during which the insects first turn pink and eventually black and bright yellow.

During the last two millennia, locust plagues continued to appear at irregular intervals with the main recorded outbreaks of the desert and migratory locusts occurring in Africa, the Middle East, and Europe. Other species of locusts caused havoc in North and South America, Asia, and Australasia. The Bombay locust (Nomadacris succincta) was a major pest in India and southeastern Asia in the 18th and 19th centuries but has seldom swarmed since the last plague in 1908. Such swarms can ravish crops, causing famine and consequent social unrest. The Chinese for more than 2,000 years have had officials recording details of the outbreaks with respect to their frequency and severity, the affected areas and the number of people who died of famine following infestations. A recent study shows that locust swarms in China align with periods of climate change turning colder. (see: Thousand-year-long Chinese time series reveals climatic forcing of decadal locust dynamics.)

The desert locusts which are swarming right now have a long history of devastation. Owing to the destructive habits of locusts, they have been a representation of famine in many Middle Eastern cultures. During the spring of 1747, desert locusts arrived outside Damascus eating the majority of the crops and vegetation of the surrounding countryside. Historical accounts described them like a black cloud that blocked the sun. They covered everything including the trees and the crops. There was also a major swarm in 1915, known as the Ottoman Syria locust infestation, which devastated Palestine, Mount Lebanon, and Syria. Right now, the 2019–2020 swarm has impacted East Africa infesting Ethiopia, Kenya, Eritrea, Djibouti, and Somalia with the desert locust. This is what has spread to Pakistan and appears headed to devastate China. The government in China is now facing a Locus Plague threatening the harvest. These are the desert variety and officials are now warning local authorities to prepare for the possible arrival of the voracious insects.

The desert locust (Schistocerca gregaria) which is now threatening China is particularly notorious. Found in Africa, the Middle East, and Asia, they inhabit some 60 countries and can cover one-fifth of Earth’s land surface. Desert locust plagues may threaten the economic livelihood of one-tenth of the world’s humans. Such a desert locust swarm can be 460 square miles in size and pack between 40 and 80 million locusts into less than half a square mile. Each locust can actually eat its weight in plants each and every day. Therefore, a swarm of such size would eat 423 million pounds of plants every single day.

The rise in such a Plague of Locusts is by far a serious event which strangely may they align with global cooling. They tend to result in major famines and disease. In the Horn of Africa, the situation remains extremely alarming, specifically KenyaEthiopia and Somalia where widespread breeding is in progress and new swarms are starting to form. This is representing an unprecedented threat to food security and livelihoods at the beginning of the upcoming cropping season. However, locust swarms can travel vast distances. In 1954, a swarm flew from northwest Africa traveled to Great Britain. In 1988, another made the lengthy trek from West Africa to the Caribbean across the Atlantic Ocean.

On June 12, 1873, farmers in southwestern Minnesota saw what looked like a snowstorm coming towards their fields from the west. Then they heard a roar of beating wings and saw that what seemed to be snowflakes were in fact locusts. In a matter of hours, knee-high fields of grass and wheat were eaten to the ground by hungry insects.

The Rocky Mountain locust’s dramatic descent was just the beginning. For five years, from 1873 to 1877, grasshoppers destroyed wheat, oat, corn, and barley fields in Minnesota and surrounding states. In 1876 alone, grasshoppers visited forty Minnesota counties and destroyed 500,000 acres of crops.

The extinction of the Rocky Mountain locust has been a source of puzzlement. It had swarmed throughout the west of the United States and parts of Canada in the 19th century. Albert’s swarm of 1875 was estimated to cover 198,000 square miles (an area greater than the area of California) with some 12.5 trillion insects. The last specimen was seen alive in Canada in 1902. Recent research suggests the breeding grounds of this insect in the valleys of the Rocky Mountains came under sustained agricultural development during the large influx of gold miners. It remains possible that the gold miner destroyed the underground eggs of the Rocky Mountain locust.

 

Carbon Tax Will Lead to Bloodshed & Revolution


New York Time Map of Carbon Taxes

In Germany, the excuse to help save the planet is always about adding more taxes to punish the people for just living. Already, there is a 7% value-added tax (VAT) on meat. German politicians are proposing to raise the tax on meat to 19%. Of course, this is to lower CO2 by decreasing the nation’s consumption of meat, which is being touted as a win for the environment. The New York Times chart of the world showing carbon taxes is interesting. This entire global warming is being embraced by countries only as an excuse to raise more taxes. They are going broke everywhere. There is no movement for reform or to provide any analysis as to where this trend leads at the end of the day.

The taxes raised do not go to anything that cleans the environment. The entire theory is PUNISHMENT for just living. Where this will end is simply bloodshed and revolution. Welcome to the major political change coming by 2032.

The Greenhouse Effect Can Lead to Global Cooling


There is a new study out that actually is starting to understand cycles. Climate experts have discovered that there is a natural feedback loop that creates the basis of a cycle. It is like the words your mother told you, “Too much of anything is bad.” Many kids would love to just eat chocolate bars for dinner.

There is a cycle to everything and the light has gone off that even if we accept that global warming is caused by the increase in CO2, the greenhouse effect is not something that would EVER be a linear projection for that is impossible for anything.

What they have discovered is the as CO2 has increased, temperatures have actually decreased by 0.2C to 0.25C degrees (0.36F to 0.45F) since the 1980s. This shocking unexpected trend has shown the obvious flaw in the whole climate change argument. As carbon dioxide emissions increase, it feeds a surge in plant life growth, which low and behold, consumes the CO2. The study was published in Nature.

WhiteEarthEffect

 

I wrote about the opposite event back in 2013 which is known as the White Earth Effect. If the Earth ever turned so cold that it was completely covered in ice and snow, then the white surface would reflect the sunlight rather than absorbing the heat. This is also why you get sunburn while skying for the sunlight is being reflected like you are on a frying pan.

Under the White Earth Effect, the planet would never again move back to a warm climate. As long as the entire surface is not covered, then we will never warm back from an Ice Age. As long as there are patches that are not covered in snow and ice, the planet will absorb the heat and the ice age will reverse.

There is a natural feedback loop in both directions of heat and cold so the planet will NEVER simply become too hot or too cold to a point where it would end life.

A Technical Study in the Relationships of Solar Flux, Water, Carbon Dioxide and Global Temperatures, January 2020 Data


From the attached report on climate change for January 2020 Data we have the two charts showing how much the global temperature has actually gone up since we started to measure CO2 in the atmosphere? To show this graphically Chart 8 was constructed by plotting CO2 as a percent increase from when it was first measured in 1958, the Black plot, the scale is on the left and it shows CO2 going up a bit over 30.0% from 1958 to January of 2020. That is a very large change as anyone would have to agree.  Now how about temperature, well when we look at the percentage change in temperature from 1958, using Kelvin (which does measure the change in heat), we find that the changes in global temperature (heat) are almost un-measurable. The scale on the right side had to be expanded 10 times (the range is 40 % on the left and 4% on the right) to be able to see the plot in the same chart in any detail. The red plot, starting in 1958, shows that the thermal energy in the earth’s atmosphere increased by .30%; while CO2 has increased by 30.0% which is 100 times that of the increase in temperature. So is there really a meaningful link between them that would give as a major problem? The numbers tell us no there isn’t.

The next chart is Chart 8a which is the same as Chart 8 except for the scales which are the same for both CO2 and Temperature. As you see the increase in energy, heat, is not visually observably in this chart hence the need for the previous chart 8 to show the minuscule increase in thermal energy shown by NASA in relationship to the change in CO2. Based to these trends, determined by excel not me, in 2028 CO2 will be 428 ppm and temperatures will be 15.0o Celsius and in 2038 CO2 will be 458 ppm and temperatures will be 15.6O Celsius. This is what the data shows no matter what the reasons are, so I have no idea how the IPCC gets to predict that the world will end in ten or even twenty years.

The full 40 page report explains how these charts were developed and why using NASA and NOAA data that are used without change to prove that The New Green Deal is not required and any attempt to complete that plan will be a worldwide disaster.

Click on the link below for the full report that you can download.

BLACKBODY TEMPERATURE 2020-01

Students Demand University Dis-invest in Fossil Fuel Related Companies – School Offers to Turn off the Heat


Students at St John’s College at Oxford University were protesting that the university now disinvestfrom anything related to fossil fuel. Professor Andrew Parker  replied, “I am not able to arrange any divestment at short notice. But I can arrange for the gas central heating in college to be switched off with immediate effect. Please let me know if you support this proposal.” The protesters responded, “This is an inappropriate and flippant response by the bursar to what we were hoping would be a mature discussion. It’s January and it would be borderline dangerous to switch off the central heating.”

Seems like they want it both ways.

Climate Change & Do we Use Less CO2 than Romans to Light our Homes?


COMMENT: Marty; the Greta worshipers are really brain-dead. We just set a 77-year record low on Valentine’s Day and they say that proves its climate change caused by man. When you try to have an intelligent conversation, they simply say every scientist agrees with them. They are brainwashed beyond belief. The entire theory of CO2 and greenhouse is that it makes it warmer, not colder. They really are stupid people!

JB

REPLY: I know. Perhaps they are playing the role that the cycle demands. Civilization is collapsing and they are insisting climate is moving in the opposite direction when all the great deaths in human society come during cold periods, not warm. That is when the diseases rise like even the Black Death. The flu season comes during the cold period, not summer. There is no other explanation. They have convinced even politicians who mouth this out like Michael Bloomberg simply because he thinks that will get him the votes to overthrow Trump and destroy our economy all under the theory that we need to get to CO2 zero or the climate will burn everything up.

To me, it is just like the Biblical story of Joseph and the Pharoah. If you understand the cycle, prepare for its downturn, you survive. The climate change people are claiming there is no cycle and that climate change is all linear caused by human activity while they ignore the great cyclical swings in climate long before the Industrial Revolution. Wheat prices soared during the Little Ice Age simply because crops fail in winter.

Already, the winter wheat crop in Australia is at a 7-year low. The trend is clear, but the Global Warming crowd is determined to push their agenda regardless of the truth. We are is a serious political crisis. Today’s brand of the left-leaning politicians is all about pandering to Greenpeace and Al Gore substituting what sounds good for what actually works. We were all supposed to be dead by 2000, Then they moved it to 2010, then 2020, and now they realize that the claims we only have 5 years left sound questionable so they have switched it to the dire consequences will come in 50 years from now. A new study by the University of Arizona claims one-third of all plant and animal life will become extinct from climate change by 2070.

They concede that historically, mass extinctions have been caused by catastrophic events like asteroid collisions. This time, human activities are claimed to have set in motion the 6th extinction because of deforestation, mining, and carbon dioxide emissions. Of course, this is their opinion since there is no historical evidence that such a combination would result in a mass extinction. CO2 emissions have taken place far worse than the present. In ancient times they burned wood for heat not oil.

They also do not account for the fact that things such as producing olive oil reduce CO2 levels. For every litre of olive oil produced, 10.65kg of CO2 is extracted from the atmosphere. In ancient times, aside from burning wood for heat, the ancients burned olive oil for light. Lighting the average house for 5 hours at night regardless of the time of year produced 2.89 kg of CO2 being emitted per night. That was nearly 1,055 kg of CO2 per night and taking just the city of Rome with a population of 1 million, which was far more CO2 generated for light alone than we produce today. Half of the carbon emissions created are generated from the production of electricity. Lighting alone creates 17% of carbon emissions. Every 1KW of electricity generates 830 grams of carbon equivalents. Assuming the same 5 lights per house, today we generate 4.1 kg of CO2. The Roman Emperor Justinian I (527-565AD) enacted the first known Clean Air Act in 565AD.

 

Bjorn Lomborg | The Skeptical Environmentalist


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Princeton’s William Happer rebuts myth of carbon pollution


Dr. William Happer, professor of physics at Princeton University, summarizes his arguments about the myth of carbon pollution. It’s that myth that underlies global warming alarmists’ key arguments. Happer offered these comments during a Sept. 8, 2014, speech for the John Locke Foundation’s Shaftesbury Society